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svglite is a graphics device that produces clean svg output, suitable for use on the web, or hand editing. Compared to the built-in svg(), svglite produces smaller files, and leaves text as is, making it easier to edit the result after creation. It also supports multiple nice features such as embedding of web fonts.


svglite is available on CRAN using install.packages("svglite"). You can install the development version from github with:

# install.packages("pak")


The grDevices package bundled with R already comes with an SVG device (using the eponymous svg() call). The development of svglite is motivated by the following considerations:


svglite() is considerably faster than svg(). If you are rendering SVGs dynamically to serve over the web this can be quite important:


x <- runif(1e3)
y <- runif(1e3)
tmp1 <- tempfile()
tmp2 <- tempfile()

svglite_test <- function() {
  plot(x, y)
svg_test <- function() {
  svg(tmp2, onefile = TRUE)
  plot(x, y)

bench::mark(svglite_test(), svg_test(), min_iterations = 250, check = FALSE)
#> # A tibble: 2 × 6
#>   expression          min   median `itr/sec` mem_alloc `gc/sec`
#>   <bch:expr>     <bch:tm> <bch:tm>     <dbl> <bch:byt>    <dbl>
#> 1 svglite_test()   2.08ms   2.23ms      438.     691KB    7.13 
#> 2 svg_test()       6.07ms   6.26ms      159.     179KB    0.638

File size

Another point with high relevance when serving SVGs over the web is the size. svglite() produces much smaller files

# svglite
#> 75K

# svg
#> 321K

In both cases, compressing to make .svgz (gzipped svg) is worthwhile. svglite supports compressed output directly which will be triggered if the provided path has a ".svgz" (or ".svg.gz") extension.

tmp3 <- tempfile(fileext = ".svgz")
plot(x, y)

# svglite - svgz
#> 9.42K


One of the main reasons for the size difference between the size of the output of svglite() and svg() is the fact that svglite() encodes text as styled <text> elements, whereas svg() converts the glyphs to polygons and renders these. The latter approach means that the output of svg() does not require the font to be present on the system that displays the SVG but makes it more or less impossible to edit the text after the fact. svglite focuses on providing maximal editability of the output, so that you can open up the result in a vector drawing program such as Inkscape or Illustrator and polish the output if you so choose.

Font support

svglite uses systemfonts for font discovery which means that all installed fonts on your system is available to use. The systemfonts foundation means that fonts registered with register_font() or register_variant() will also be available. If any of these contains non-standard weights or OpenType features (e.g. ligatures or tabular numerics) this will be correctly encoded in the style block. systemfonts also allows you to embed webfont @imports in your file to ensure that the file looks as expected even on systems without the used font installed.

Code of Conduct

Please note that the svglite project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.