Soil color is most often described using the Munsell color
system. The `aqp`

package provides several functions for
converting to and from Munsell color notation, into other
representations suitable for on-screen display (sRGB) or numerical
analysis (CIELAB).

Conversion of Munsell notation to “something” that can be displayed
on-screen (sRGB color representation) is probably the most common color
transformation applied to soil morphology data. The
`munsell2rgb()`

function is convenient for this operation
when Munsell notation has been split into vectors of hue, value, and
chroma. These could be columns in a `data.frame`

or separate
vectors. The `parseMunsell()`

function is convenient when a
full Munsell notation is given as a character vector. Note that
`parseMunsell()`

is a simplified wrapper to
`munsell2rgb()`

. For example, converting
`10YR 4/6`

with either function can return:

- hex-notation of a color:
`#805921FF`

, or - sRGB color coordinates:
`0.5002233 0.3489249 0.1287694`

, or - CIELAB color coordinates:
`40.95021 10.31088 37.49513`

Selection of the closest `n`

Munsell color “chips”, given
sRGB or CIELAB colorspace coordinates is performed with the
`col2Munsell()`

function. Input to this function can be
colorspace coordinates, named colors (e.g. `red`

), or
hex-notation of a color. For example, the selection of the closest
Munsell chip for CIELAB coordinates
`(51.4337, 9.917916, 38.6889)`

results in
`10YR 5/6`

with a reported sigma (error) of
`1.5e-6`

. This error is estimated as the CIE2000
distance between the source CIELAB coordinates and the CIELAB
coordinates of the closest Munsell chip.

A representative Munsell color can be estimated from reflectance
spectra in the range of 380nm to 730nm with the
`spec2Munsell()`

function.

Neutral colors are commonly specified two ways in the Munsell system:
`N 3/`

or `N 3/0`

, either format will work with
`munsell2rgb()`

and `parseMunsell()`

.

Non-standard Munsell notation (e.g. `3.6YR 4.4 / 5.6`

),
possibly collected with a sensor vs. color book, can be approximated
with `getClosestMunsellChip()`

. A more accurate conversion
can be performed with the `munsellinterpol`

package..

```
# Munsell -> hex color
parseMunsell('5PB 4/6')
```

`#> [1] "#476189FF"`

```
# Munsell -> sRGB
parseMunsell('5PB 4/6', return_triplets = TRUE)
```

```
#> r g b
#> 1 0.2774433 0.3816871 0.5373067
```

```
# Munsell -> CIELAB
parseMunsell('5PB 4/6', returnLAB = TRUE)
```

```
#> L A B
#> 1 40.78393 1.583845 -25.09816
```

```
# hex color -> Munsell
col2Munsell('#476189FF')
```

```
#> hue value chroma sigma
#> 1 5PB 4 6 0.2196242
```

```
# neutral color
parseMunsell('N 5/')
```

`#> [1] "#313233FF"`

```
# non-standard notation
getClosestMunsellChip('3.3YR 4.4/6.1', convertColors = FALSE)
```

`#> [1] "2.5YR 4/6"`