Using ATLAS to create a cohort

It is often useful to build more complex cohort definitions using ATLAS, a web-based application that allows users to define cohorts and run analyses on the OHDSI network. While most of the features of ATLAS are not compatible with the AllofUS researcher workbench, the All of Us R package includes a function to download a cohort definition from ATLAS and generate the cohort in the All of Us database.

To use this feature of the allofuspackage, you’ll also need to install the ROhdsiWebApi package from GitHub. This package is used to query the ATLAS API and download the cohort definition and SQL query. The package is not available on CRAN (and is therefore not included with the allofus package), but it can be installed using the pak package:


After installing the ROhdsiWebApi package, load the allofus package and the ROhdsiWebApi package:


If you haven’t already, this is the time to build your cohort definition in ATLAS. You can use the publicly available demo version of ATLAS which is pre-populated with many sample cohort definitions (though keep in mind that they are not validated). You can also use an ATLAS instance in your organization’s OMOP CDM. (A free, instructional course for using ATLAS is available through EHDEN Academy.)

In this case, we’ll use the cohort definition 1788061, which is a simple stroke cohort definition.

Using ROhdsiWebApi, we can download the cohort definition and SQL query from ATLAS:

cd <- ROhdsiWebApi::getCohortDefinition(1788061, "")
cd_sql <- ROhdsiWebApi::getCohortSql(cd, "")

Then, we can use the aou_atlas_cohort() function to generate the cohort in the All of Us database.

cohort <- aou_atlas_cohort(
  cohort_definition = cd,
  cohort_sql = cd_sql

Because the All of Us program does not use the typical heuristics for the observation_period table, observation periods are first generated for each subject using the aou_observation_period() function. After generating a new observation_period table, the SQL from ROhdsiWebApi::getCohortSql() will extract a cohort from the All of Us database - resulting in a local dataframe with the cohort start and end dates for each subject who fell within the cohort definition. (The function is based on code from with some tweaks to generate the appropriate observation periods and incorporate other package functions.)

#> # A tibble: 6 × 4
#>   cohort_definition_id person_id cohort_start_date cohort_end_date
#>                  <int> <int>     <date>            <date>         
#> 1              1788061 xxxxxxx   1995-03-27        1995-03-27     
#> 2              1788061 xxxxxxx   2012-01-07        2012-01-21     
#> 3              1788061 xxxxxxx   2010-06-17        2016-04-05     
#> 4              1788061 xxxxxxx   2015-08-12        2017-08-30     
#> 5              1788061 xxxxxxx   2017-01-24        2019-01-24     
#> 6              1788061 xxxxxxx   2008-07-09        2019-01-24

To use this cohort table further, you can join it to other tables from the All of Us database (after they have been “collected”). Or, to use this table to limit the person table (or other OMOP CDM tables) to only your cohort, filter for the values in the cohort$person_id column:

dplyr::tbl(con, "person") %>%
  dplyr::filter(person_id %in% !!cohort$person_id)